It’s hard to imagine that I’ve been given a chance to study again. I have been given the opportunity to dig the world of language further. Here are some ideas I learned:
1. I learned the history and the theory of Language.
Language is a system of symbols with an agreed upon meaning that is used by a group of people. A system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures or written symbols that encode or decode information. Human spoken and written languages can be described as a system of symbols…and the grammars (rules) by which the symbols are manipulated.
2. I learned the Language has a ability to develop the thinking and listening to the student like me.
Because language is an intricate involvement in the process of thinking, the student will need to be spoken to and listened to often. The student will need a broad exposure to language, with correct articulation, enunciation, and punctuation. The student will need to experience different modes of language and to hear and tell stories. Most importantly, the student needs to feel free and be encouraged to communicate with others.
3. I learned that language signs are constituted of four different levels.
The phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Semantics deals with the meanings (what is signified), while the other three are all concerned with the exponent. At the lowest level we find that everything is composed from a small set of sounds.
4. I learned about “phonology and phonetics”.
It is important to understand the difference between phonetics and phonology. Phonetics is the study of actual sounds of human languages, their production and their perception. It is relevant to linguistics for the simple reason that the sounds are the primary physical manifestation of language. Phonology on the other hand is the study of sound systems. The difference is roughly speaking this.
5. I learned about the analyzing language utterances as sequences of sounds.
Sounds are produced in the vocal tract. Air is flowing through the mouth and nose and the characteristics of the sounds are manipulated by several so-called articulators. The parts of the body that are involved in shaping the sound, the articulators, can be active (in which case they move) or passive. The articulators are as follows: oral cavity, upper lip, lower lip, upper teeth, alveolar ridge (the section of the mouth just behind the upper teeth stretching to the ‘corner’), tongue tip, tongue blade (the flexible part of the tongue), tongue body, tongue root, epiglottis (the leaf-like appendage to the tongue in the pharynx), pharynx (the back vertical space of the vocal tract, between uvula and larynx), hard palate (upper part of the mouth just above the tongue body in normal position), soft palate or velum (the soft part of the mouth above the tongue, just behind the hard palate), uvula (the hanging part of the soft palate), and larynx (the part housing the vocal chords). For most articulators it is clear whether they can be active or passive, so this should not need further comment
6. I learned about morphemes.
A short segment of language. The free morphemes are those word can stand alone and the bound morphemes are those that cannot stand alone as a words.
7. I learned word and formation processes.
The derivation, category extension, compounding, root creation. Clipped form, blend, acronym, abbreviation, proper name, folk etymology and back formation.
8. I learned also the morphophonemic processes.
There are processes that produce a great deal of linguistic variability: assimilation, dissimilation, deletion, epenthesis, and metathesis.
9. I learned about the syntactic structure
Such as structure of predications, a subject and a predicate. Structure of complementation, verbal element and a complement. Structure of modification, a head word and modifier. Structure of coordination, equivalent grammatical units and joined often but not always a coordinating conjunction.
10. I learned about the world of semantic.
The lexical ambiguity , syntactic ambiguity, synonymy, hyponymy, antonymy, homonymy, coreference, anaphora, deixis, entailment and presuppositions.
11. I learned about the use of pragmatics in life.
The speech act theory, categories of illocutionary acts, conversational maxims and implicatures.
12. I learned and I follow about the rules to govern oral interactions.
Like; maxims of quantity, maxims of quality, maxims of relation, maxims of manner.
13. I learned and have a knowledge about linguistic that has a common problems in a Philippines English Class.
14. I learned the common views on language. A structural view, functional view and interactional view.
15. Knowing the best philosophers like Ferdinand de Saussure, M.A.K.Halliday, John Dewey.
16. If structural view- knowledge vocabulary and grammar (sentence pattern).
17. If Functional View- communicative categories Communicative ability (to be able to communicate)
18. If interactional views- to communicate appropriately ( communicative strategies, cultural awareness, etc.).
19. And I learned about the theory of Ivan Pavlov (theory of conditioning) and B.F. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning like repetition (+ and -) reinforcements.
20. I learned so much! And I will hold it in my heart and mind. I’m Here and I’ll share this knowledge with others too.
THANK YOU for the patience you gave M’ Annabelle Caser for everyone, the information you has given and I’ll use and share the knowledge you give to me.